Direct alcohol fuel cells can directly convert the chemical energy stored in small liquid alcohol molecules into electricity. The non-noble metal oxides and oxyhydroxides have poor electric conductivity, limiting their electrochemical performance. Herein, Ni3Fe/NiFe(OH)x heterostructure with Ni3Fe alloy nanoparticles confined in amorphous NiFe(OH)x matrix is facilely fabricated by partial reduction of Ni2+, Fe3+-layered double hydroxide (NiFe-LDH) precursor in flowing hydrogen. Small Ni3Fe particles with about 4 nm diameter are clearly recognized after reduction at 250 °C. Further raising the reduction temperature to 350 °C results in a greater degree of segregation of Ni3Fe each other. Moreover, the 350 °C reduction causes the formation of NiFeOx, accompanied by vanishment of the NiFe(OH)x. Ethanol electrooxidation is carried out for evaluating the electrocatalytic performance of these samples. The electrocatalytic activity of NiFe-LDH precursor is enhanced by controlling H2 reduction at 250 °C. The high electrical conductivity, created by Ni3Fe metal alloy, is proposed to result in the high electrocatalytic activity of the Ni3Fe/Ni3Fe(OH)x heterostructure.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for Germany
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Price includes VAT for Germany
Xuan J, Leung MKH, Leung DYC, Ni M (2009) A review of biomass-derived fuel processors for fuel cell systems. Renew Sust Energ Rev 13:1301–1313
Wee JH (2007) Applications of proton exchange membrane fuel cell systems. Renew Sust Energ Rev 11:1720–1738
Antolini E (2007) Catalysts for direct ethanol fuel cells. J Power Sour 170:1–12
Asiri HA, Anderson AB (2015) Mechanisms for ethanol electrooxidation on Pt(111) and adsorption bond strengths defining an ideal catalyst. J Electro Soc 162:115–122
Li M, Cullen DA, Sasaki K, Marinkovic NS, More K, Adzic RR (2013) Ternary electrocatalysts for oxidizing ethanol to carbon dioxide: making Ir capable of splitting C−C bond. J Am Chem Soc 135:132–141
Dutta A, Datta J (2012) Outstanding catalyst performance of PdAuNi nanoparticles for the anodic reaction in an alkaline direct ethanol (with anion-exchange membrane) fuel cell. J Phys Chem C 116:25677–25688
Xu CW, Hu YH, Rong JH, Jiang SP, Liu YL (2007) Ni hollow spheres as catalysts for methanol and ethanol electrooxidation. Electrochem Commun 9:2009–2012
Wang H, Cao YC, Li J, Yu JG, Gao HY, Zhao YN, Kwon YU, Li GD (2018) Preparation of Ni/NiO–C catalyst with NiO crystal: catalytic performance and mechanism for ethanol oxidation in alkaline solution. Ionics 24:2745–2752
Wang ZH, Du YL, Zhang FY, Zheng ZX, Zhang YZ, Wang CM (2013) High electrocatalytic activity of non-noble Ni-Co/graphene catalyst for direct ethanol fuel cells. J Solid State Electrochem 17:99–107
Cai Q, Hong WT, Jian CY, Li J, Liu W (2018) High-performance silicon photoanode using nickel/iron as catalyst for efficient ethanol oxidation reaction. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 6:4231–4238
Miao YQ, Ouyang L, Zhou SL, Xu LN, Yang ZY, Xiao MS, Ouyang RZ (2014) Electrocatalysis and electroanalysis of nickel, its oxides, hydroxides and oxyhydroxides toward small molecules. Biosens Bioelectron 53:428–439
Cavani F, Trifirb F, Vaccari A (1991) Hydrotalcite-type anionic clays: preparation, properties and applications. Catal Today 11:173–301
Luo JS, Im JH, Mayer MT, Schreier M, Nazeeruddin MK, Park NG, Tilley SD, Fan HJ, Grätzel M (2014) Water photolysis at 12.3% efficiency via perovskite photovoltaics and earth-abundant catalysts. Science 345:1593–1596
Chen H, Hu LF, Chen M, Yan Y, Wu LM (2014) Nickel–cobalt layered double hydroxide nanosheets for high-performance supercapacitor electrode materials. Adv Funct Mater 24:934–942
Louie MW, Bell AT (2013) An investigation of thin-film Ni−Fe oxide catalysts for the electrochemical evolution of oxygen. J Am Chem Soc 135:12329–12337
Friebel D, Louie MW, Bajdich M, Sanwald KE, Cai Y, Wise AM, Cheng MJ, Sokaras D, Weng TC, Mori RA, Davis RC, Bargar JR, Nørskov JK, Nilsson A, Bell AT (2015) Identification of highly active Fe sites in (Ni, Fe) OOH for electrocatalytic water splitting. J Am Chem Soc 137:1305–1313
Jia XD, ZhaoYF Chen GB, Shang L, Shi R, Kang XF, Waterhouse GIN, Wu LZ, Tung CH, Zhang TR (2016) Ni3FeN nanoparticles derived from ultrathin NiFe-layered double hydroxide nanosheets: an efficient overall water splitting electrocatalyst. Adv Energy Mater 6:1502585
Batchellor AS, Boettcher SW (2015) Pulse-electrodeposited Ni−Fe (oxy)hydroxide oxygen evolution electrocatalysts with high geometric and intrinsic activities at large mass loadings. ACS Catal 5:6680–6689
Enman LJ, Burke MS, Batchellor AS, Boettcher SW (2016) Effects of intentionally incorporated metal cations on the oxygen evolution electrocatalytic activity of nickel (oxy)hydroxide in alkaline media. ACS Catal 6:2416–2423
Li ZH, Shao MF, An HL, Wang ZX, Xu SM, Wei M, Evans DG, Duan X (2015) Fast electrosynthesis of Fe-containing layered double hydroxide arrays toward highly efficient electrocatalytic oxidation reactions. Chem Sci 6:6624–6631
Shao MF, Ning FY, Zhao JW, Wei M, Evans DG, Duan X (2013) Hierarchical layered double hydroxide microspheres with largely enhanced performance for ethanol electrooxidation. Adv Funct Mater 23:3513–3518
Wang YY, Jiang CJ, Le Y, Cheng B, Yu JG (2019) Hierarchical honeycomb-like Pt/NiFe-LDH/rGO nanocomposite with excellent formaldehyde decomposition activity. Chem Eng J 365:378–388
Yu XW, Zhang M, Yuan WJ, Shi GQ (2015) A high-performance three-dimensional Ni–Fe layered double hydroxide/graphene electrode for water oxidation. J Mater Chem A 3:6921–6928
Gong M, Li YG, Wang HL, Liang YY, Wu JZ, Zhou JG, Wang J, Regier T, Wei F, Dai HJ (2013) An advanced Ni−Fe layered double hydroxide electrocatalyst for water oxidation. J Am Chem Soc 135:8452–8455
Tang D, Liu J, Wu XY, Liu RH, Han X, Han YZ, Huang H, Liu Y, Kang ZH (2014) Carbon quantum dot/NiFe layered double-hydroxide composite as a highly efficient electrocatalyst for water oxidation. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:7918–7925
Fan QN, Li XF, Yang ZX, Han JJ, Xu SL, Zhang FZ (2016) Double-confined nickel nanocatalyst derived from layered double hydroxide precursor: atomic scale insight into microstructure evolution. Chem Mater 28:6296–6304
Ma LJ, Chen LS, Chen SY (2009) Study on the characteristics and activity of Ni–Cu–Zn ferrite for decomposition of CO2. Mater Chem Phys 114:692–696
Jia P, Lan XC, Li XD, Wang TF (2018) Highly active and selective NiFe/SiO2 bimetallic catalyst with optimized solvent effect for the liquid-phase hydrogenation of furfural to furfuryl alcohol. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 6:13287–13295
Rahim MAA, Hameed RMA, Khalil MW (2004) Nickel as a catalyst for the electro-oxidation of methanol in alkaline medium. J Power Sour 134:160–169
Fu GR, Hu ZA, Xie LJ, Jin XQ, Xie YL, Wang YX, Zhang ZY, Yang YY, Wu HY (2009) Electrodeposition of nickel hydroxide films on nickel foil and its electrochemical performances for supercapacitor. Int J Electrochem Sci 4:1052–1062
This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21376019, 21676013) and Beijing Engineering Center for Hierarchical Catalysts.
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Gao, Y., Zhao, Z., Jia, H. et al. Partially reduced Ni2+, Fe3+-layered double hydroxide for ethanol electrocatalysis. J Mater Sci 54, 14515–14523 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-019-03964-0