, Volume 7, Issue 5, pp 444–456 | Cite as

Tribocorrosion behavior of nickel-aluminium bronze sliding against alumina under the lubrication by seawater with different halide concentrations

  • Beibei Zhang
  • Jianzhang WangEmail author
  • Junya Yuan
  • Fengyuan YanEmail author
Open Access
Research Article


The tribocorrosion failure mechanism of nickel-aluminium bronze (NAB) in different halide concentrations of seawater was studied using a pin-on-disc tribometer that was modified to conduct in-situ electrochemical detection during the sliding process. It has been reported that high-halide-concentration seawater provided a good lubricating effect, and thus reduced the coefficient of friction and wear rate of NAB during the tribocorrosion process. However, the existence of halide ions corroded the passive film and hindered the repassivation of the damaged areas in the wear track, resulting in an increased corrosion rate. In addition, the morphology of the wear scar revealed the occurrence of abrasive, delamination, and adhesive wear of NAB in seawater. For the whole range of halide concentration values, a positive synergy between wear and corrosion was proven, and the quantification of this synergy was discussed in detail. The results show that the corrosion-wear synergism was decreased with increasing halide concentration in seawater, and the corrosion-induced wear was dominant in the two synergistic components.


tribocorrosion halide ions friction wear 



The work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51405478) and CAS “Light of West China” Program.


  1. [1]
    Antonijević M M, Milić S M, Šerbula S M, Bogdanović G D. The influence of chloride ions and benzotriazole on the corrosion behavior of Cu37Zn brass in alkaline medium. Electrochim Acta 50(18): 3693–3701 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Schüssler A, Exner H E. The corrosion of nickel-aluminium bronzes in seawater—II. The corrosion mechanism in the presence of sulphide pollution. Corros Sci 34(11): 1803–1811, 1813–1815 (1993)Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Bellantonio M. An integrated hard-and soft-ware triboelectrochemical test rig for tribocorrosion experiments. Friction 3(3): 256–258 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Chen J, Wang J Z, Yan F Y, Zhang Q, Li Q A. Effect of applied potential on the tribocorrosion behaviors of Monel K500 alloy in artificial seawater. Tribol Int 81: 1–8 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Chen J, Zhang Q, Li Q A, Fu S L, Wang J Z. Corrosion and tribocorrosion behaviors of AISI 316 stainless steel and Ti6Al4V alloys in artificial seawater. Trans Nonferrous Met Soc China 24(4): 1022–1031 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Zhang B B, Wang J Z, Zhang Y, Han G F, Yan F Y. Comparison of tribocorrosion behavior between 304 austenitic and 410 martensitic stainless steels in artificial seawater. RSC Adv 6(109): 107933–107941 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Lenard D R, Bayley C J, Noren B A. Electrochemical monitoring of selective phase corrosion of nickel aluminum bronze in seawater. Corrosion 64(10): 764–772 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Wang Y, Zhang L, Xiao J K, Chen W, Feng C F, Gan X P, Zhou K C. The tribo-corrosion behavior of Cu-9 wt% Ni-6 wt% Sn alloy. Tribol Int 94: 260–268 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Zhang R, Wang H F, Xing X G, Yuan Z, Yang S Y, Han Z J, Yuan G Z. Effects of Ni addition on tribocorrosion property of TiCu alloy. Tribol Int 107: 39–47 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Wood R J K. Erosion–corrosion interactions and their effect on marine and offshore materials. Wear 261(9): 1012–1023 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Stemp M, Mischler S, Landolt D. The effect of mechanical and electrochemical parameters on the tribocorrosion rate of stainless steel in sulphuric acid. Wear 255(1–6): 466–475 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Jørgensen F, Scheer W, Thomsen S, Sonnenborg T O, Hinsby K, Wiederhold H, Schamper C, Burschil T, Roth B, Kirsch R, et al. Transboundary geophysical mapping of geological elements and salinity distribution critical for the assessment of future sea water intrusion in response to sea level rise. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 16(7): 1845–1862 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Badawy W A, Ismail K M, Fathi A M. Effect of Ni content on the corrosion behavior of Cu–Ni alloys in neutral chloride solutions. Electrochim Acta 50(18): 3603–3608 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Ismail K, El-Egamy S S, Abdelfatah M. Effects of Zn and Pb as alloying elements on the electrochemical behaviour of brass in borate solutions. J Appl Electrochem 31(6): 663–670 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Zhang B B, Wang J Z, Zhang Y, Han G F, Yan F Y. Tribocorrosion behavior of 410SS in artificial seawater: Effect of applied potential. Mater Corros 68(3): 295–305 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Al-Hashem A, Riad W. The role of microstructure of nickel–aluminium–bronze alloy on its cavitation corrosion behavior in natural seawater. Mater Charact 48(1): 37–41 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Anantapong J, Uthaisangsuk V, Suranuntchai S, Manonukul A. Effect of hot working on microstructure evolution of ascast Nickel Aluminum Bronze alloy. Mater Des 60: 233–243 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Lv Y T, Wang L Q, Han Y F, Xu X Y, Lu W J. Investigation of microstructure and mechanical properties of hot worked NiAl bronze alloy with different deformation degree. Mater Sci Eng A 643: 17–24 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Mischler S, Muñoz A I. Wear of CoCrMo alloys used in metal-on-metal hip joints: A tribocorrosion appraisal. Wear 297(1–2): 1081–1094 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Espallargas N, Johnsen R, Torres C, Muñoz A I. A new experimental technique for quantifying the galvanic coupling effects on stainless steel during tribocorrosion under equilibrium conditions. Wear 307(1–2): 190–197 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Neodo S, Carugo D, Wharton J A, Stokes K R. Electrochemical behaviour of nickel–aluminium bronze in chloride media: Influence of pH and benzotriazole. J Electroanal Chem 695: 38–46 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Wharton J A, Stokes K R. The influence of nickel–aluminium bronze microstructure and crevice solution on the initiation of crevice corrosion. Electrochim Acta 53(5): 2463–2473 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Duthil J P, Mankowski G, Giusti A. The synergetic effect of chloride and sulphate on pitting corrosion of copper. Corros Sci 38(10): 1839–1849 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Kadhum A A H, Mohamad A B, Jaffar H D, Yan S S, Naama H J, Al-Tamimi A A, Al-Bayati R I, Al-Amiery A A. Corrosion of nickel-aluminum-bronze alloy in aerated 0.1 M sodium chloride solutions under hydrodynamic condition. Int J Electrochem Sci 8: 4571–4582 (2013)Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    Sun Y, Haruman E. Effect of electrochemical potential on tribocorrosion behavior of low temperature plasma carburized 316L stainless steel in 1 M H2SO4 solution. Surf Coat Technol 205(17–18): 4280–4290 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Cartigueyen S, Mahadevan K. Wear characteristics of copperbased surface-level microcomposites and nanocomposites prepared by friction stir processing. Friction 4(1): 39–49 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Peng S G, Song R B, Sun T, Pei Z Z, Cai C H, Feng Y F, Tan Z D. Wear behavior and hardening mechanism of novel lightweight Fe–25.1Mn–6.6Al–1.3C steel under impact abrasion conditions. Tribol Lett 64: 13 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Bortoleto E M, Prados E F, Seriacopi V, Fukumasu N K, da S Lima L G D B, Machado I F, Souza R M. Numerical modeling of adhesion and adhesive failure during unidirectional contact between metallic surfaces. Friction 4(3): 217–227 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Chen H, Guo D, Xie G X, Pan G S. Mechanical model of nanoparticles for material removal in chemical mechanical polishing process. Friction 4(2): 153–164 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Suh N P. An overview of the delamination theory of wear. Wear 44(1): 1–16 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    Saka N, Eleiche A M, Suh N P. Wear of metals at high sliding speeds. Wear 44(1): 109–125 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    Li W S, Wang Z P, Lu Y, Jin Y H, Yuan L H, Wang F. Mechanical and tribological properties of a novel aluminum bronze material for drawing dies. Wear 261(2): 155–163 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    Cheng J, Wang T Q, Chai Z M, Lu X C. Tribocorrosion study of copper during chemical mechanical polishing in potassium periodate-based slurry. Tribol Lett 58(1): 8 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    Motamen Salehi F, Khaemba D N, Morina A, Neville A. Corrosive–abrasive wear induced by soot in boundary lubrication regime. Tribol Lett 63(2): 19 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    Hodge C, Stack M M. Tribo-corrosion mechanisms of stainless steel in soft drinks. Wear 270(1–2): 104–114 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The author(s) 2018

Open Access: The articles published in this journal are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesLanzhouChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations