Why Processing is Not Swarm Intelligence

  • Bing ZhaoEmail author
Conference paper


Swarm intelligence has been applied to form-finding methodologies in architectural design, with Processing as one of the most important working platforms deployed. With swarm intelligence feedback is one of the core issues to deal with as this is where complexity emerges and the potential of this methodology becomes manifest. However, with Processing only limited feedback can be achieved as true swarm intelligence involves other incalculable and nonlinear factors, such as stigmergy, that requires a deep relationship not only with other agents but also with the broad background condition. As such, we need to draw a distinction between computational and non-computational complexity, and to recognise the limitations of computational complexity. Processing therefore offers us only a computational and therefore a limited model for understanding swarm intelligence.


Feedback Generative design Stigmergy Emergence 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tongji UniversityShanghaiChina

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