Brainstorm Optimization in Thinned Linear Antenna Array with Minimum Side Lobe Level

  • Ninjerdene Bulgan
  • Junfeng ChenEmail author
  • Xingsi Xue
  • Xinnan Fan
  • Xuewu Zhang
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 157)


An antenna array (or array antenna) is composed of multiple individual antennas to produce a high directive gain or a specified pattern. Thinning involves reducing total number of active elements, but not to the detriment of system performance. In this paper, a variant of the Brainstorm Optimization (BSO) algorithm is proposed for thinning the linear arrays. The proposed thinning algorithm is employed to minimize the side lobe level and enhance the ratio directivity/side lobe level. The results show good agreement between the desired and calculated radiation patterns with reduction in resource usage in terms of power consumption.


Brainstorm optimization Linear antenna array Thinned array Side lobe level 



This work is supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2018YFC0407101), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2019B22314), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61403121), Program for New Century Excellent Talents in Fujian Province University (No. GYZ18155), Program for Outstanding Young Scientific Researcher in Fujian Province University (No. GY-Z160149), and Scientific Research Foundation of Fujian University of Technology (No. GY-Z17162).


  1. 1.
    Bevelacqua, P.: Array Antennas. Accessed 23 Feb 2017
  2. 2.
    Schwartzman, L.: Element behavior in a thinned array. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 15(4), 571–572 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Schrank, H., Hacker, P.S.: Antenna designer’s notebook-thinned arrays: some fundamental considerations. IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 34(3), 43–44 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Miller, P.: The Smart Swarm: How Understanding Flocks, Schools, and Colonies Can Make Us Better at Communicating, Decision Making, and Getting Things Done. Avery Publishing Group, Inc. ISBN 978-1-58333-390-7 (2010)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chen, J.F., Wu, T.J.: A computational intelligence optimization algorithm: cloud drops algorithm. Integr. Comput.-Aided Eng. 21(2), 177–188 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Haupt, R.L.: Thinned arrays using genetic algorithms. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 42(7), 993–999 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ares-Pena, F.J., Rodriguez-Gonzalez, J.A., Villanueva-Lopez, E., Rengarajan, S.R.: Genetic algorithms in the design and optimization of antenna array patterns. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 47(3), 506–510 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Marcano, D., Durán, F.: Synthesis of antenna arrays using genetic algorithms. IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 42(3), 12–20 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chen, K., He, Z., Han, C.: A modified real GA for the sparse linear array synthesis with multiple constraints. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 54(7), 2169–2173 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jain, R., Mani, G.S.: Solving antenna array thinning problem using genetic algorithm. Appl. Comput. Intell. Soft Comput. 24 (2012)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ha, B.V., Mussetta, M., Pirinoli, P., Zich, R.E.: Modified compact genetic algorithm for thinned array synthesis. IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 15, 1105–1108 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Quevedo-Teruel, O., Rajo-Iglesias, E.: Ant colony optimization in thinned array synthesis with minimum sidelobe level. IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 5, 349–352 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Li, W.T., Shi, X.W., Hei, Y.Q.: An improved particle swarm optimization algorithm for pattern synthesis of phased arrays. Prog. Electromagn. Res. 82, 319–332 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mandal, D., Das, S., Bhattacharjee, S., Bhattacharjee, A., Ghoshal, S.: Linear antenna array synthesis using novel particle swarm optimization. In: 2010 IEEE Symposium on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ISIEA), pp. 311—316, Oct 2010Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wang, W.B., Feng, Q.Y., Liu, D.: Synthesis of thinned linear and planar antenna arrays using binary PSO algorithm. Prog. Electromagn. Res. 127, 371–388 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ma, S., Li, H., Cao, A., Tan, J., Zhou, J.: Pattern synthesis of the distributed array based on the hybrid algorithm of particle swarm optimization and convex optimization. In: 2015 11th International Conference on Natural Computation (ICNC), pp. 1230–1234, Aug 2015Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shi, Y.: Brain storm optimization algorithm. In: International conference in swarm intelligence, pp. 303–309, June 2011. Springer, Berlin, HeidelbergGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ninjerdene Bulgan
    • 1
  • Junfeng Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xingsi Xue
    • 2
  • Xinnan Fan
    • 1
  • Xuewu Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.College of IOT EngineeringHohai UniversityChangzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Information Science and EngineeringFujian University of TechnologyFuzhouChina

Personalised recommendations