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Fast-Track Pediatric Surgery

  • M. ReismannEmail author
  • Benno Ure
Living reference work entry
  • 342 Downloads

Abstract

Fast-track surgery was developed by the Danish surgeon Henrik Kehlet in the 1990s. It was initially termed enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) and represents a comprehensive perioperative therapeutic concept with the aim to reduce discomfort, the physiological postoperative stress response, postoperative pain, and complications by means of combining organizational and therapeutic measures.

Numerous studies confirmed the safety and effectiveness of fast-track concepts and a substantial reduction of the hospital stay compared with conventional strategies in children and adolescents. These studies showed that the use of fast-track achieves an improvement in patients comfort and the quality of care. The acceptance of fast-track of patients and parents is excellent.

This chapter contains a description of the conceptual background, the development, and the current status of fast-track pediatric surgery.

Keywords

Fast-track surgery Children Enhanced recovery after surgery Clinical pathways Pain therapy protocol 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Surgery and UrologyAstrid Lindgren Children’s Hospital, Karolinska University HospitalStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Center of Pediatric Surgery Hannover, Hannover Medical School and Children’s Hospital BultHannoverGermany

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