Anorectal Malformations

  • Andrea Bischoff
  • Belinda Hsi Dickie
  • Marc A. Levitt
  • Alberto PeñaEmail author
Living reference work entry

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This is a brief presentation of the most common types of anorectal malformations. It was written for the practicing pediatrician. It meant to be a practical guide to identify and manage these pediatric problems from the newborn until adult life. It emphasizes the importance of suspecting the associated defects, as well as to try to avoid the most common errors observed in the management of these malformations. It also includes information that will allow the clinician to establish the functional prognosis for each specific types of defect.

The management of the sequelae is considered an important part of this chapter.


Anorectal malformation Imperforate anus Cloaca 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Bischoff
    • 1
  • Belinda Hsi Dickie
    • 2
  • Marc A. Levitt
    • 3
  • Alberto Peña
    • 4
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.International Center for Colorectal CareChildren’s Hospital ColoradoAuroraUSA
  2. 2.Colorectal and Complex Pelvic Malformation Center, Department of SurgeryBoston Children’s HospitalBostonUSA
  3. 3.Center for Colorectal and Pelvic ReconstructionNationwide Children’s HospitalColumbusUSA
  4. 4.Colorectal Center for Children, Division of Pediatric SurgeryCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA

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