Just Negotiations, Stable Peace Agreements, and Durable Peace

  • Daniel DruckmanEmail author
  • Lynn Wagner
Living reference work entry


This chapter discusses the role of justice in negotiations between rival groups and the durability of resulting peace agreements. It draws on information about group negotiation processes and agreements concluded to end civil wars in countries around the world. Relationships between the presence and importance of distributive justice (DJ) in the agreements, and their stability, are first explored. The difficulty of the conflict environment was shown to have the strongest impact upon stability. However, the DJ principle of equality was found to reduce the negative impact of difficult conflict environments on their stability. Next, the presence and importance of procedural justice (PJ) are examined in the negotiation processes that led to the signing of the peace agreements. Significantly more stable agreements occurred when a process based on PJ led to agreements emphasizing equality. Third, research on the impacts of DJ and PJ on long-term peace is reviewed. Peace is shown to emerge from a path that unfolds from micro-level negotiation to macro-level reconciliation and institutional change. The chapter continues with discussions of third-party roles in the peace process and the importance of trust and problem-solving processes. It concludes with a consideration of policy implications derived from the findings.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Schar School of Policy and GovernmentGeorge Mason UniversityArlingtonUSA
  2. 2.Macquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  4. 4.International Institute for Sustainable DevelopmentWinnipegCanada

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