Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Marco Sgarbi

Shalem, Menahem

Born: unknown (ca. 1340-1390)
Died: unknown (after 1413)
  • Tamás VisiEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02848-4_179-1

Abstract

Menahem ben Jacob Shalem also known as Menahem Agler (and sometimes referred to, incorrectly, as “Menahem Kara”) was an important Jewish Aristotelian philosopher in late fourteenth- and early fifteenth-century Prague. He wrote the most sophisticated Hebrew philosophical texts in Central Europe during this period. Unlike his colleagues in Prague, Yom-Tov Lipmann Mühlhausen and Avigdor Kara, he rejected Kabbalah and considered Maimonidean philosophy the most authoritative Jewish intellectual tradition. His works paved the way for other Jewish philosophers in Central and Eastern Europe in the late middle and early modern ages.

Keywords

Active Intellect Christian Doctrine Philosophical Text Aristotelian Philosopher Impending Danger 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

Primary Sources

  1. Talmage, Frank. 1980. Vikuah anti-Notsri be-Mizrah Eiropa be-signon ha-pulmus bi-Sefarad – ketav-yad yahid (An Anti-Christian Polemic in Eastern Europe in the Style of Sephardic Polemics – A Unique Manuscript). Kiryath Sefer 56(1980): 369–372.Google Scholar
  2. Talmage, Frank. 1983. Mi-kitvei R. Avigdor Qara ve-R. Menahem Shalem (From the writings of Avigdor Kara and Menahem Shalem). In Hagut u-maase: Sefer Zikkaron le-Shimon Rawidowicz bi-melot esrim va-hamesh shanim le-moto, ed. Avraham Greenbaum and Alfred Ivry, 43–53. Tel-Aviv: Tscherikover.Google Scholar

Secondary Sources

  1. Beit-Arieh, Malakhi. 1981. Heera le-heerato shel H. Shmeruk le-maamro shel E. Talmage (On Ch. Shmeruk’s note on F. E. Talmage’s Article). Kiryat Sefer 56(1981): 750.Google Scholar
  2. Davis, Joseph M. 1993. Philosophy, dogma, and exegesis in medieval Ashkenazic Judaism: The evidence of Sefer Hadrat Qodesh. Association for Jewish Studies (AJS) Review 18(1993): 195–222.Google Scholar
  3. Fishman, David. 1997. Rabbi Moshe Isserles and the study of science among Polish rabbis. Science in Context 10(1997): 571–588.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kupfer, Ephraim. 1973. Li-demutah ha-tarbutit shel yahadut Ashkenaz ve-hakhmeha ba-mea ha-14–15 (Towards a cultural portrait of Ashkenazic Jewry and its sages in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries). Tarbiz 42(1972): 113–147.Google Scholar
  5. Ogren, Brian. 2009. Renaissance and rebirth: Reincarnation in early modern Italian Kabbalah. Leiden/Boston: Brill.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Reiner, Elchanan. 1984. Bein Ashkenaz li-Yerushalayim: Hakhamim asheknaziim be-Eretz Yisrael aharei ‘ha-mavet ha-shahor’ (Between Ashkenaz and Jerusalem: Ashkenazic Scholars in Eretz-Israel after the “Black Death”). Shalem 4(1984): 27–62.Google Scholar
  7. Reiner, Elchanan. 1997. The attitude of Ashkenazi society to the new science in the sixteenth century. Science in Context 10(1997): 589–603.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Shmeruk, Chana. 1981. Le-maamro shel E. Talmage (A Note on Talmage’s article). Kiryat Sefer 56(1981): 549.Google Scholar
  9. Visi, Tamás. 2009. The emergence of philosophy in Ashkenazic contexts – The case of Czech lands in the early fifteenth century. In Science and philosophy in Ashkenazi culture: Rejection, toleration, and accommodation, ed. Gad Freudenthal, 13–315. in Simon Dubnow Institute Yearbook 8 (2009): 213–243.Google Scholar
  10. Visi, Tamás. 2011. On the peripheries of Ashkenaz: Medieval Jewish philosophers in Normandy and in the Czech lands from the twelfth to the fifteenth century. Habilitation dissertation, Palacky University, Olomouc, 2011. https://www.academia.edu/2045530/On_the_Peripheries_of_Ashkenaz_Medieval_Jewish_Philosophers_in_Normandy_and_in_the_Czech_Lands_from_the_Twelfth_to_the_Fifteenth_Centuries
  11. Yuval, Israel J. 1989. Hakhamim be-doram: ha-manhigut ha-ruhanit shel yehudei Germania be-shilhei yemei ha-beinayim (Scholars in their time: The religious leadership of German Jewry in the Late Middle Ages). Jerusalem: Magness.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kurt and Ursula Schubert Centre for Jewish StudiesUniverzita Palackého v Olomouci (Palacky University)OlomoucCzech Republic