Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Accuracy of Self-View

  • Aleksandra PilarskaEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_691-1



Accuracy of self-view refers to having accurate (or realistic) perceptions and making accurate evaluations about oneself (e.g., one’s traits, abilities, attitudes, and so on); it is usually operationalized as the extent to which the individual’s estimates of themselves agree with independent estimates obtained from knowledgeable others, observations of behavior, and implicit assessment.


The notion that accurate self-view is important has a long history dating back to the Greek dictum to “know thyself,” originally engraved on the Temple of Apollo at Delphi. In theory, accurate self-knowledge enables one to establish realistic expectations of oneself and is essential for self-regulation and self-development. Indeed, accurate perception of self and reality is considered to be a prerequisite of mental health and psychosocial adjustment (e.g., American Psychiatric...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of PsychologyAdam Mickiewicz UniversityPoznańPoland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Doug P. VanderLaan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Toronto MississaugaMississaugaCanada
  2. 2.Child, Youth and Family DivisionCentre for Addiction and Mental HealthTorontoCanada