- 618 Downloads
The A-not-B error arises from the difficulty of switching an action directed toward one location toward a new location. The original set-up, called visible displacement, involves hiding a toy in location A while an infant is watching. The child is then allowed to search for it. If they retrieve the toy it is seen as an indication of object permanence – the understanding that objects continue to exist even if they are no longer perceived. After a number of repeats of this hide and seek procedure, the toy is then obviously hidden in a different location, B. Up to a certain developmental stage, infants persevere in searching in location A instead of B. This is called the A-not-B error. This behavior can be observed in reaching tasks, but also in larger spatial set-ups that require detours.
When Piaget published his theory of child development in 1937 (1954in English), it quickly became absorbed by...
KeywordsDetour Task Object Permanence Detour Behavior Osthaus Visual Displacement
- Buytendijk, F. J. J., & Fischel, W. (1932). Die Bedeutung der Feldkraefte und der Intentionalitaet fuer das Verhalten des Hundes. Archives Neerlandaises de Physiologie de l’homme et des animaux, 17, 459–494.Google Scholar
- Cacchione, T., & Rakoczy, H. (2017). Comparative metaphysics: Thinking about objects in space and time. In J. Call (Ed.), APA handbook of comparative psychology (pp. 579–599). Washington, DC: APA Press.Google Scholar
- Piaget, J. (1954). The construction of reality in the child (M. Cook, Trans.). New York: Basic Books. (Original work published 1937).Google Scholar
- Piaget, J. (1971). Biology and knowledge. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Uzgiris, I. C., & Hunt, J. M. (1989). Assessment in infancy: Ordinal scales of psychological development (2nd ed.). Urbana: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
- Vauclair, J. (1996). Animal cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar