Gender Equality

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Amanda Lange Salvia, Tony Wall

Child Care Services: Possible Solutions to Improve Outcomes

  • Harish ChellaniEmail author
  • Tapan Kumar JenaEmail author
  • Aashima DabasEmail author
Living reference work entry



Adolescent: A person transiting from childhood to adulthood between the age 10 and 19 years.

Malnutrition: Disease state characterized by deficiency, excess, or imbalance in micronutrient or macronutrient consumption. Undernutrition encompasses three other distinct terms known as underweight, wasting, and stunting.

Life cycle approach: A systems approach which spans the entire life cycle of humans starting from fetal life till adulthood. Adults then act as progenitors of next generation which starts from fetal life.


Children constitute 27% of the world’s population. The issues which plague child health across the globe include lack of safe environment for growth, illiteracy, poverty, illness, food scarcity, undernutrition, and lack of social security. These issues are in turn governed by social, economic, and political dynamics like terrorism, regional conflicts, climate change,...
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsSafdarjang Hospital & Vardhaman Mahavir Medical CollegeNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.School of Health SciencesIndira Gandhi National Open UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of PaediatricsMaulana Azad Medical College and associated Lok Nayak HospitalNew DelhiIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chhabi Kumar

There are no affiliations available