Gender Equality

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Amanda Lange Salvia, Tony Wall


  • Daniela RosendoEmail author
  • Tânia A. Kuhnen
Living reference work entry


Also called ecological feminism, ecofeminism can be defined as a multiple set of interconnected theories and practices that embraces animal, environmental, and feminist studies and remains united by the very fundamental categories of its approaches: women, animals, and environment. The relationship between these categories is basically established through a chain of domination, exploitation, and oppression that affects both. Thereby, when conceptualizing ecofeminism, various ecofeminists highlight the connection between women, animals, and nature due to their vulnerability to the direct effects of the same patriarchal oppression system. According to Cuomo (2002), “ecofeminism stresses the depth to which human realities are embedded in ecological realities, and the fact that we are all composed of physical and conceptual connections and relationships” (Cuomo 2002).

Beyond the relation of women, animals, and nature, derived from their condition of subjugation to the same...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC)FlorianópolisBrazil
  2. 2.Universidade Federal do Oeste da Bahia (UFOB)BahiaBrazil

Section editors and affiliations

  • Andréia Faraoni Freitas Setti
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyCESAM Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies, University of AveiroAveiroPortugal