Gender Equality

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Amanda Lange Salvia, Tony Wall

Child Abuse in Relation to Girls

  • Hiroaki MatsuuraEmail author
Living reference work entry



According to the World Health Organization, child abuse is defined as “all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power” (WHO 1999). This entry focuses on child abuse against girls. The topic intersects with “violence against women,” which is defined as all forms of “gender-based violence that results in or is likely to result in physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of acts such as coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life” (UN 1993).


Child abuse is a growing human rights and public health concern with a global magnitude. According to the World Health Organization (WHO),...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shoin UniversityAtsugiJapan

Section editors and affiliations

  • Julia Mambo
    • 1
  1. 1.Council for Scientific and Industrial Research - Natural Resources and EnvironmentJohannesburgSouth Africa