Gender Equality

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Amanda Lange Salvia, Tony Wall

Child Marriage and Resistance Movements

  • Janice L. H. NgaEmail author
  • Debbie Dyana Jun Jinideh
Living reference work entry


Child marriage: early and forced marriage/child and forced marriage


The definitions of “rights” and “child” are two important definitions that need to be addressed prior to further discussion. There are two main definitions or theories of rights, i.e. the interest theory and the will theory. The interest theory maintains that rights are derived from a person’s interests. In that, a person’s interest is basically enough for restricting another to be subjected to a particular duty. The will theory claims that a person has a meaningful right if the said person can waive, exercise, and enforce this right. In other words, while the interest theory focuses on a person’s interests independently based on his or her choices, the will theory connects the idea of a person having a right and the exercise of the person’s will with respect to that right (Gilmore and Glennon 2012). Relatively the interest theory is deemed more suitable in the case of a child or children.


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Authors are grateful to the Centre for Research and Innovation, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, for the supports given through GKP0020-2018.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janice L. H. Nga
    • 1
    Email author
  • Debbie Dyana Jun Jinideh
    • 1
  1. 1.Planning and Development Economics, Faculty of Business, Economics and AccountancyUniversiti Malaysia SabahKota KinabaluMalaysia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Andréia Faraoni Freitas Setti
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyCESAM Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies, University of AveiroAveiroPortugal