Responsible Consumption and Production

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Eco-Industrial Parks

  • Nillo HalonenEmail author
  • Marko SeppänenEmail author
Living reference work entry



In this entry, the Eco-Industrial Park (EIP) is defined as a business community of manufacturing and service businesses seeking enhanced environmental and economic performance through collaboration in managing environmental and resource issues, including for instance energy, water, and materials. An EIP seeks collective benefits that outweigh the sum of individual benefits that each participating organization would realize by optimizing its own performance only. Usually EIP refers to the formation of interfirm industrial symbiosis. Symbiosis includes the idea of biomimicry, a similar means to that which takes place in nature when different species exchange energy, information, or material in a synergistic fashion, benefiting all of those involved. For instance, industrial applications intentionally mimic the material flows of biological ecosystems in an industrial...

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering and Natural SciencesTampere UniversityTampereFinland
  2. 2.Faculty of Management and BusinessTampere UniversityTampereFinland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ulla Saari
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept of Industrial Management, Center for Innovation and Technology ResearchTampere UniversityTampereFinland