Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Astrophysics: Dynamical Systems

  • George ContopoulosEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27737-5_27-3

Definition of the Subject

Dynamical systems is a broad subject, where research has been very active in recent years. It deals with systems that change in time according to particular laws. Examples of such systems appear in astronomy and astrophysics, in cosmology, in various branches of physics and chemistry, and in all kinds of other applications, like meteorology, geodynamics, electronics, and biology. In this entry, we deal with the mathematical theory of dynamical systems from the point of view of dynamical astronomy. This theory is generic in the sense that its mathematics can be applied to diverse problems of physics and related sciences, ranging from elementary particles to cosmology.


The theory of dynamical systems has close relations with astronomy and astrophysics, in particular with dynamical astronomy. Dynamical astronomy followed two quite different traditions until the middle of the twentieth century, namely, celestial mechanics and statistical mechanics.



Periodic Orbit Chaotic Orbit Jacobi Constant Unstable Periodic Orbit Asymptotic Curve 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academy of AthensResearch Center for AstronomyAthensGreece