Congenital Airway Malformations

  • Richard G. AzizkhanEmail author
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Congenital airway malformations comprise a broad array of anomalies extending from the larynx to the distal airway, presenting either acutely postnatally or remaining asymptomatic and therefore undiagnosed for years. Clinical symptoms vary widely, depending on the level where the obstruction occurs and its severity. Due to the distinct anatomy of the pediatric airway and the possibility of airway symptoms rapidly progressing into life-threatening conditions, early detection, diagnosis, and treatment are imperative.


Congenital airway malformations Laryngomalacia Subglottic stenosis Subglottic hemangiomas Vocal fold paralysis Laryngeal cleft Congenital high airway obstruction syndrome Tracheal stenosis Tracheal rings Bronchogenic cysts 



This chapter has been adapted from the author’s own chapter in the following publication: Copyright © 2017 From Newborn Surgery by Prem Puri. Reproduced by permission of Taylor and Francis Group, LLC, a division of Informa plc.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Children’s Hospital & Medical Center, University of Nebraska College of MedicineOmahaUSA

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