Advertisement

Education in Mental Health

  • Maite FerrinEmail author
Living reference work entry
Part of the Mental Health and Illness Worldwide book series (MHIW)

Abstract

Health is a human right which is closely linked to education and learning. For the past 20 years, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)‘s work has made a stronger emphasis on education and learning in order to promote both physical and mental health worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) has differentiated between health education and health promotion and defined the second as a more complex process that moves from an individual level toward a wide range of social and environmental interventions that increase knowledge and influence attitudes toward health. Mental health is contributed by a constant interactive relationship between the individual and their environment. In the shaping process of mental and emotional development during childhood and adolescence, education within the family, the school, and the whole community has a paramount influence. This chapter focuses on the importance of education in families, schools, and communities and gives examples of successful educational programs and initiatives across the globe. The potential role of education for reducing stigma in mental health and psychoeducation for improving outcomes in different mental health conditions is also discussed. Finally, current barriers for implementation of educational programs are highlighted. A better understanding and effective implementation of the successful approaches for promoting education in mental health seem of greatest importance at this stage.

Keywords

Education Health promotion Stigma Families School Psychoeducation Public mental health programs 

References

  1. Adelman H, Linda Taylor L (2000) Moving prevention from the fringes into the fabric of school improvement. J Educ Psychol Consult 11(1):7–36.  https://doi.org/10.1207/s1532768Xjepc1101_03CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bäuml J, Pitschel-Walz G, Volz A, Lüscher S, Rentrop M, Kissling W, Jahn T (2016) Psychoeducation improves compliance and outcome in schizophrenia without an increase of adverse side effects: a 7-year follow-up of the Munich PIP-study. Schizophr Bull 42(1):S62–S70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Betancourt TS, Meyers-Ohki SE, Charrow AP, Tol WA (2013) Interventions for children affected by war: an ecological perspective on psychosocial support and mental health care. Harv Rev Psychiatry 21(2):70–91.  https://doi.org/10.1097/HRP.0b013e318283bf8fCrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Christensen H, Hickie IB (2010) Using e-health applications to deliver new mental health services. Med J Aust 192(11):S53–S56PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Colom F, Lam D (2005) Psychoeducation: improving outcomes in bipolar disorder. Eur Psychiatry 20(5–6):359–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Corrigan PW, Larson JE, Rüsch N (2009) Self-stigma and the “why try” effect: impact on life goals and evidence-based practices. World Psychiatry 8(2):75–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Craig (2009) Well-being in schools: the curious case of the tail wagging the dog? Centre of Confidence and Wellbeing, Glasgow. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.486.8648&rep=rep1&type=pdfGoogle Scholar
  8. Cuijpers P, van Straten A, Warmerdam L, Andersson G (2008) Psychological treatment of depression: a meta-analytic database of randomized studies. BMC Psychiatry 16(8):36.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-8-36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Detels R, Gulliford M, Karim QA, Tan CC (2015) Oxford textbook of global public health. Oxford University Press, PublisherCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dix KL, Slee PT, Lawson MJ, Keeves JP (2012) Implementation quality of whole-school mental health promotion and students’ academic performance. Child Adolesc Ment Health 17(1):45–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Durlak JA, Wells AM (1997) Primary prevention mental health programs for children and adolescents: a meta-analytic review. Am J Community Psychol 25(2):115–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ferrin M, Moreno-Granados JM, Salcedo-Marin MD, Ruiz-Veguilla M, Perez-Ayala V, Taylor E (2014) Evaluation of a psychoeducation programme for parents of children and adolescents with ADHD: immediate and long-term effects using a blind randomized controlled trial. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 23(8):637–647.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-013-0494-7CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Ferrin M, Perez-Ayala V, El-Abd S, Lax-Pericall T, Jacobs B, Bilbow A, Taylor E (2016) A randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of a psychoeducation program for families of children and adolescents with ADHD in the United Kingdom: results after a 6-month follow-up. J Atten Disord 24(5):768–779.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054715626509. Epub 2016 Feb 2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gulliver A, Griffiths KM, Christensen H (2010) Perceived barriers and facilitators to mental health help-seeking in young people: a systematic review. BMC Psychiatry 10:113.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-10-113CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. Han SS, Weiss B (2005) Sustainability of teacher implementation of school-based mental health programs. J Abnorm Child Psychol 33(6):665–679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Haskins J, Carson JG, Chang CH, Kirshnit C, Link DP, Navarra L, Scher LM, Sciolla AF, Uppington J, Yellowlees P (2016) The suicide prevention, depression awareness, and clinical engagement program for faculty and residents at the University of California, Davis Health System. Acad Psychiatry 40(1):23–29.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40596-015-0359-0CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Heim E, Kohrt BA, Koschorke M, Milenova M, Thronicroft G (2018) Reducing mental health-related stigma in primary health care settings in low- and middle- income countries: a systematic review. Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci:1–10.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S2045796018000458
  18. Johan R, Harlan J (2014). Education nowadays. Int J Educ Sci Res (IJESR). ISSN(P): 2249–6947; ISSN(E): 2249–8052. 4(5):51–56Google Scholar
  19. Kessler RC, Angermeyer M, Anthony JC, De Graaf RON, Demyttenaere K, Gasquet I, De Girolamo G, Gluzman S, Gureje OYE, Haro JM, Kawakami N, Karam A, Levinson D, Medina Mora ME, Oakley Browne MA, Posada-Villa J, Stein DJ, Adley Tsang CH, Aguilar-Gaxiola S, Alonso J, Lee S, Heeringa S, Pennell B-E, Berglund P, Gruber MJ, Petukhova M, Chatterji S, Stün TB (2007) Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of mental disorders in the World Health Organization’s world mental health survey initiative. World Psychiatry 6:168–176PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. Keynejad RC, Dua T, Barbui C, Thornicroft G (2018) WHO Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) intervention guide: a systematic review of evidence from low and middle-income countries. Evid Based Ment Health 21:30–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kolko DJ, Hoagwood KE, Springgate B (2010) Treatment research for children and youth exposed to traumatic events: moving beyond efficacy to amp up public health impact. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 32(5):465–476.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2010.05.003CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. Leadbeater BJ, Thompson K, Sukhawathanakul P (2016) Enhancing social responsibility and prosocial leadership to prevent aggression, peer victimization, and emotional problems in elementary school children. Am J Community Psychol 58(3–4):365–376.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12092CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Link B, Cullen F, Struening E et al (1989) A modified labeling theory approach to mental disorders: an empirical assessment. Am Sociol Rev 54(3):400–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Milin R, Kutcher S, Lewis SP, Walker S, Wei Y, Ferrill N, Armstrong MA (2016) Impact of a mental health curriculum on knowledge and stigma among high school students: a randomized controlled trial. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 55(5):383–391.e1.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2016.02.018CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Patel V (2009) The future of psychiatry in low- and middle-income countries. Psychol Med 39:1759–1762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pekkala E, Merinder L (2000) Psychoeducation for schizophrenia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 4:CD002831. Review. Update in: Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2002;(2):CD002831Google Scholar
  27. Pitschel-Walz G, Bäuml J, Bender W, Engel RR, Wagner M, Kissling W (2006) Psychoeducation and compliance in the treatment of schizophrenia: results of the Munich Psychosis Information Project Study. J Clin Psychiatry 67(3):443–452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pryor JB, Reeder GD (2011) HIV-related stigma. In: Hall JC, Hall BJ, Cockerell CJ (eds) HIV/AIDS in the post-HAART era: manifestations, treatment, and epidemiology. PMPH-USA, Shelton, pp 790–806Google Scholar
  29. Rutten BP, Hammels C, Geschwind N, Menne-Lothmann C, Pishva E, Schruers K, van den Hove D, Kenis G, van Os J, Wichers M (2013) Resilience in mental health: linking psychological and neurobiological perspectives. Acta Psychiatr Scand 128(1):3–20.  https://doi.org/10.1111/acps.12095CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  30. Sandler I, Ostrom A, Bitner MJ (2005) Developing effective prevention services for the real world: a prevention service development model. Am J Community Psychol 35:127.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-005-3389-zCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Saxena S, Thornicrof G, Knapp M, Whiteford H (2007) Global mental health 2: resources for mental health: scarcity, inequity, and inefficiency. Lancet 370:878–889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Shute RH, Slee PT (2016) Mental health and wellbeing through schools: the way forward. Routledge, London. 206 pp. ISBN 978-0-415-74527-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Summers LH (1992) Educating all the children. Policy research working papers series. World Bank, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  34. Thornicroft G (2006) Shunned: discrimination against people with mental illness. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  35. UNESCO (2010) Education counts: towards the millennium development goals. UNESCO, ParisGoogle Scholar
  36. United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) (2013) UNRWA Community Mental Health programme. https://www.unrwa.org/resources/about-unrwa/community-mental-health-programme
  37. Wall WD (1955) Education and mental health. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. UNESCO, ParisGoogle Scholar
  38. WHO (2008) mhGAP: mental health gap action Programme: scaling up care for mental, neurological and substance use disorders. WHO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  39. WHO (2009) Mental health systems in selected low- and middle-income countries: a WHO-AIMS cross-national analysis. WHO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  40. WHO (2010) Towards evidence-based suicide prevention programmes. Suicide prevention and control. WHO Library Cataloguing in Publication Data. http://www.wpro.who.int/mnh/TowardsEvidencebasedSPP.pdf
  41. WHO (2016) Intervention guide for mental, neurological and substance use disorders in non-specialised health settings: mental health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) – version 2.0. WHO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  42. Xia J, Merinder LB, Belgamwar MR (2011) Psychoeducation for schizophrenia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 15(6):CD002831.  https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD002831.pub2CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Child and Adolescent PsychiatryReCognition Health, LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Haringey CAMHSBarnet Enfield and Haringey Mental Health TrustLondonUK
  3. 3.Brain and Behaviour LaboratoryUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptomUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Eric Taylor
    • 1
  • John CM Wong
    • 2
  1. 1.Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department, Institute of PsychiatryKing's College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of Psychological MedicineNational University Health SystemSingaporeSingapore

Personalised recommendations