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Infections are implicated as causes of mental illness in both prenatal and postnatal life. Intellectual disability in children, and schizophrenia in adults, can result from infective agents. Children’s mental development and welfare can both be compromised by infective causes of disease. This chapter describes prenatal and postnatal effects of viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi on mental life. Research has made great advances in understanding how to prevent and treat them. Delivery of effective interventions in poor countries is hampered by violence and deficiencies in services for mothers and children.
KeywordsSchizophrenia Intellectual disability TORCHES Neurodevelopmental disorders Obsessions Allostatic load HIV Malaria Streptococcus Encephalitis
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